An emerging trend of trafficking in migration cycle has been highly overlooked. Foreign labor migration has become one of the key sources for livelihoods with both men and women migrating. However, the government policy of 30 years ban for women migration is actually perpetuating trafficking as women are forced to illegal and informal channels mainly through India and Tibet. Restriction on right to mobility (30 years ban) does not prevent women being trafficked rather it is putting women to more vulnerable situation being out of any legal protection. Right to mobility for women should be ensured by the state with adequate information and trainings, so that they are not vulnerable to trafficking. Furthermore, a form of internal trafficking is also taking place with women and girls being trafficked to cities to be in the entertainment sectors facing some of the worst forms of labor. Number of recommendations focused on comprehensive legislation and stringent enforcement of law for prevention of trafficking and protection of women and children. The government also responded that the current trafficking Act provides comprehensive legal framework and that the national plan of action has been implemented. However, both these policies and legal framework has not sufficiently addressed the emerging trend of trafficking in migration cycle or internal trafficking. Trafficked survivors, after reintegration, are also facing the challenges as the government policy is creating more stigma than support.
Key working issues under the trafficking and safe migration are as follows:
- Activities with vulnerable migrant people
- Capacity building of trafficked women and girls
- Activities against child labour in Rupandehi district
- Protecting street children